Certainly, but it is definitely more pronounced in Athas. Metal is rare, farmland is rare, drinkable water is rare, disease is common, slavery is rampant, gladitory fights are the most common source of entertainment, ect. Even Kreen have trouble finding enough food to survive, even though they are perfectly adapted to their landscape and lifestyle. Athas is a harsh world, more harsh than most I can think of.
For example, on eberron, magic is used almost like technology. Droughts, disease, transportation, and many other things are taken care of by magic. Slavery, while it exists, mostly stays in Droamm and the demon wastes. Even the impoverished peoples of godsgate get enough to eat. In faerun and Oerth, you walk a block and there's probably someone powerful enough to heal you, and the majority of the people in their cities are happy, even if they lack most modern conveniences and are periodically threatened by monsters. Rokugan has Fu Leng to worry about, but most people have what they need to live, so long as they are not in the shadow lands.
Athas, on the other hand, is characterized by scarcity. If you are not a sorcerer king and you don't live in Kurn, chances are your worried about something. For slaves, it's obvious. Free men worry about hunger. Nobles worry about being executed at random. Templars worry about each other. Wizards worry about angry mobs, druids about dwindling wildlife, priests about their element disappearing entirely, trade lords about bandits, and the list goes on.
Part of this has to do with the fact that most cities are either ruled by an evil dictator-god, or insane mentalists, or some other thing. Or it has to do with the effect of defiling on farmland and the warms that stripped the metal from the land.
The only world in D&D I can think of that is full of desperation as Athas is the Dread Realms, which is is literally composed of a patchwork of misery-inducing locations ripped from multiple worlds.
At this point, athas is a perfect example of a world that just died, and as such most of the people on it are miserable to an extent that is much different than other worlds. For me, it's part of what makes the setting so interesting. Every time someone tries to improve athas, the world just gets more wrecked.